Web sites

Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH)

Breaking New Ground: African American Senators

Black Americans in Congress Companion Website. (Committee on House Administration of the U.S. House of Representatives)

Edward William Brooke: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress

Chisholm ’72: Unbought and Unbossed, a documentary by Shola Lynch

Congressional Black Caucus

Congressional Black Caucus Foundation

Department of Special Collections, Robert James Terry Library, Texas Southern University (Barbara Jordan Papers)

Walter E. Fauntroy papers, 1941–1990, Special Collections and University Archives, The Gelman Library, The George Washington University

Fisk University Library, Special Collections (John Mercer Langston Collection)

The HistoryMakers

Howard University’s Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Manuscript Division (Congressional Black Caucus Collection)

Lexis/Nexis Congressional Research Digital Collection

The Library of Congress

National Visionary Leadership Project

Neglected Voices

Political Science Quarterly

Reconstruction: The Second Civil War

Rutgers University Libraries Special Collections and University Archives (Shirley Chisholm Papers)

Carl & Louis Stokes: From the Projects to Politics, The Western Reserve Historical Society

Women in Congress Companion Website (Committe on House Administration of the U.S. House of Representatives) United States Capitol Historical Society


Other sources

Mildred L. Amer. “Black Members of the United States Congress, 1870–2008.” Congressional Research Service, The Library of Congress (2008)

William L. Clay, Sr. Just Permanent Interests: Black Americans in Congress, 1870–1991. New York: Amistad (1993)

Stephen Middleton, ed. Black Congressmen During Reconstruction: A Documentary Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Praeger (2002)

Bruce A. Ragsdale and Joel D. Treese. Black Americans in Congress, 1870–1989. Office of the Historian, U.S. House of Representatives (1990)

Robert Singh. The Congressional Black Caucus: Racial Politics in the U.S. Congress. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications (1998)

Congressional Research Service, Government and Finance Division, Congress and Judiciary Section (Check The Library of Congress catalog for reports, and contact your Congressional representative to request one.)